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How is zirconium diboride ZrB2 Powder produced?

wallpapers News 2021-11-24
Zirconium diboride and Hafnium(IV) oxide are reduced to their respective diboron silanes by metal thermal reduction. Use cheap precursor materials and react according to the following reactions:
ZrO 2 + B 2 O 3 + 5Mg→ZrB 2 + 5MgO
The precursor materials for this reaction (ZrO 2 / TiO 2 / HfO 2 and B 4 C) are cheaper than those required for stoichiometric and boron thermal reactions. Preparezirconium diboride at a temperature higher than 1600°C for at least 1 hour through the following reaction:
2ZrO 2 + B 4 C + 3C→2ZrB 2 + 4CO
This method requires a slight excess of boron because some boron is oxidized during the boron carbide reduction process. It is also observed that ZrC is the product of the reaction, but if the reaction is carried out under an excess of 20-25% of B4C, the ZrC phase disappears and only ZrB2 remains. The lowest synthesis temperature (~1600°C) will produce UHTC with finer dimensions and better sinterability. Before boron carbide reduction, the boron carbide must be ground to promote the oxide reduction and diffusion process.
Zirconium diboride and Hafnium(IV) oxide can be dispersed on the boron carbide polymer precursor before the reaction. in. Heating the reaction mixture to 1500°C results in the formation of boron carbide and carbon in situ, and the subsequent reduction of ZrO2 to ZrB2.
The gas phase is used to reduce the vapors of zirconium tetrachloride and boron trichloride when the substrate temperature is higher than 800°C. Recently, alternative ZrB2 films can also be prepared by physical vapor deposition.

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