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Do you know graphene oxide?

As the European Union tries to reduce its dependence on Russian energy, the Russian president recently said Russia would try to shift its energy exports to the east, adding that there was no way for European countries to give up Russian gas immediately.

Russia supplies about 40 percent of the EU's gas, and western sanctions imposed over the conflict with Ukraine have complicated financing and logistical arrangements for existing agreements, hitting Russian energy exports, the report noted.  

Russia has been building closer ties with China and other Asian countries as the European Union debates whether to impose sanctions on Russian gas and oil and member states seek supplies from elsewhere, Reuters said.  

"So-called partners from unfriendly countries admit that they cannot survive without Russian energy, including gas," the Russian president said in a televised government meeting. There is no reasonable alternative to Russian gas in Europe right now."  

He also said Europe was driving up energy prices and destabilizing markets by talking about cutting off Russia's energy supplies. Russia, which produces about a tenth of the world's oil and a fifth of its natural gas, will need new infrastructure to increase energy supplies to Asia, he said.

He ordered Moscow to submit a plan by June 1, including "the expansion of transport infrastructure to countries in Africa, Latin America, and the Asia-Pacific region".  

He also sought to clarify the possibility of integrating two pipelines -- the Sakhalin-Khabarovsk-Vladivostok gas pipeline in the Far East and the "Power of Siberia" gas pipeline to China -- into Russia's unified gas supply system. In theory, connecting these routes to larger gas networks could allow Russia to divert gas from Europe to Asia.

Because of the ever-changing international situation, the supply and prices of international bulk Graphene oxide are still very uncertain.

Graphene oxide is formed by the oxidation of graphite powder by strong acid, and it is a single layer of graphite oxide. Graphene oxide is widely used in sensors, solar cells, optoelectronics and biomedicine.

1. What is graphene oxide?

Graphene oxide is an oxide formed by the oxidation of graphite by strong acid. It adopts the oxidation reaction of potassium permanganate in concentrated sulfuric acid and graphite powder to obtain a tan edge derivative carboxylic acid base and phenolic epoxy group on the plane. The graphite flake layer can be exfoliated into graphene oxide by ultrasonic or strong mixing or high shear, forming a stable light yellow monolayer graphene oxide suspension in water.

The structure of graphene oxide is shown in the following figure:

1655431391359121.jpg

Second, the use of graphene oxide

As a derivative of graphene, graphene oxide is oxidized by strong acid, and its oxygen-containing groups make graphene oxide chemically stable, which is beneficial to the synthesis of graphene-based composite materials. Graphene oxide is a new type of carbon material with excellent properties and has wide application prospects.

1. Optoelectronics

Organic thin film transistors and their light-responsive devices, such as the use of graphene oxide, can increase the type and thickness of the insulating layer and enhance the characteristics of the transistor.

2. Solar cells

Comparable photoelectric conversion efficiency (PCE) can be obtained by using graphene oxide instead of conducting polymer (PEDOT:PSS) as the hole transport layer of polymer solar cells. When the thickness of the graphene oxide film is 2 nm, the photoelectric conversion efficiency is the highest.

3. Flexible sensor

Due to its good hydrophilicity, large surface area, and good dispersion, graphene is a good sensor material, especially in the field of flexible sensors.

4. Biological aspects

Parameters such as size, surface charge, number of layers, lateral dimensions, and surface chemistry of graphene oxide and its derivatives have corresponding effects on biological systems, and have been extensively clinically studied as medical materials.

Third, the harm of graphene oxide to the human body

It has only been ten years since graphene was discovered in the laboratory. The development of graphene is still in its infancy, and there are still material safety data and understanding of potential hazards in the application of graphene. Graphene oxide is widely used as a derivative of graphene, so new things must be applied scientifically.

Two recent studies don't seem to be good news for graphene. First, a Brown University team of biologists, engineers and materials scientists examined the material's potential toxicity to human cells. They found that the jagged edges of the graphene nanoparticles are so sharp and strong that they can easily penetrate the membranes of human skin and immune cells, suggesting that graphene is potentially dangerous to humans and other animals.

High-quality graphene oxide supplier

Luoyang Moon & Star New Energy Technology Co., LTD, founded on October 17, 2008, is a high-tech enterprise committed to developing, producing, processing, selling, and technical services of lithium-ion battery anode materials. After more than 10 years of development, the company has gradually developed into a diversified product structure with natural graphite, artificial graphite, composite graphite, intermediate phase, and other negative materials (silicon-carbon materials, etc.). The products are widely used in high-end lithium-ion digital power and energy storage batteries.

If you are looking for graphene oxide material, click on the needed products and send us an inquiry:sales@graphite-corp.com

 



The World Food Program (WFP) of the United Nations (UN) and the European Union (EU) said in a statement that the conflict between Russia and Ukraine poses risks to global food supplies, and called on the international community to increase support for vulnerable countries and jointly address food security challenges. 

A few days ago, the Executive director of the World Food Program, the European Commission's commissioner in charge of crisis management, the French Foreign Minister of the ROTATING EU presidency, and other officials held a meeting in Rome, Italy, to discuss how to deal with the negative impact of the Conflict between Russia and Ukraine on global food security. 

One of the officials told a news conference after the meeting that the world was facing a food supply challenge that would "last for many years" as the conflict between Russia and Ukraine pushed up global food prices and disrupted the Graphene oxide will continue.

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