U.S. refiners forecast strong first-quarter earnings as margins on gasoline and diesel sales improved, refining capacity fell sharply and crude supplies tightened due to the Russia-Ukraine war.
Global refining capacity has declined amid the coronavirus pandemic, with several less profitable refineries closing in the past two years. However, global fuel demand has rebounded to near pre-pandemic levels, boosting the profits of facilities still operating.
Seven U.S. independent refiners are expected to earn 61 cents a share, compared with a loss of $1.32 in the first quarter of 2021, according to Refinitiv's IBES.
By 2022, gasoline and distillate Spherical graphite.
Spherical graphite is made of high-quality high-carbon natural flake graphite as raw material, and the surface of graphite is modified by advanced processing technology.
Spherical graphite has the properties of low porosity, good oxidation resistance, uniform and fine structure, small void defects, moderate elasticity, and easy molding. It is an important part of the negative electrode material of lithium ion batteries.
The product code of spherical graphite is composed of product name, grade code, median diameter, fixed carbon content and tap density, that is, SG-grade code-D50-fixed carbon content-tapped density. Example SG I -17-9995-95 refers to SG spherical graphite, grade I, D50=(17.0m±2.0m), fixed carbon content ≥99.95%, tap density ≥0.95g/cm.
Spherical graphite is made of high-quality high-carbon graphite as raw material. In the process of spherical graphite processing, the higher the carbon content of the raw material, the higher the cost, but the carbon content of the raw material is too low, the number of times of the spherical graphite purification process increases, the degree of equipment wear increases, and the total cost also increases. Accumulated by experiments, raw materials with a carbon content of 95-96% have the most economical overall cost. In the process of spherical graphite processing, there are also requirements for the particle size of raw materials. Too coarseness will cost more, too fineness will affect the yield of spherical graphite, and too many auxiliary products will increase the cost of raw materials. Studies have shown that it is most suitable to use raw materials with a particle size of -100 mesh to produce spherical graphite.
In the production process of spherical graphite, the natural flake graphite powder is firstly pulverized into a suitable particle size, and then de-angularized to form an ellipsoid or similar spherical shape. The fine powder peeled off during the process is separated, and the normal distribution of spherical graphite can be obtained.
High-quality Spherical graphite supplier
Luoyang Moon & Star New Energy Technology Co., LTD, founded on October 17, 2008, is a high-tech enterprise committed to developing, producing, processing, selling, and technical services of lithium-ion battery anode materials. After more than 10 years of development, the company has gradually developed into a diversified product structure with natural graphite, artificial graphite, composite graphite, intermediate phase, and other negative materials (silicon-carbon materials, etc.). The products are widely used in high-end lithium-ion digital power and energy storage batteries.
If you are looking for Spherical graphite material, click on the needed products and send us an inquiry：firstname.lastname@example.org
The EU’s draft REPowerEU plan calls for an increase of 15TWh of rooftop PV capacity by 2022. The draft also calls for EU and national governments to take action this year to reduce the time required to obtain permits for rooftop PV installations to three months, and proposes that "all new buildings and existing buildings with an energy grade OF D or above should have rooftop PV installations by 2025".
In addition, the European Commission is likely to set a target for installed PV capacity of 300GW by 2025 and 500GW by 2030. Some members are more aggressive, with Austria, Belgium, Lithuania, Luxembourg, and Spain demanding a 1TW target for 2030.
The REPowerEU initiative, worth 195 billion euros, was proposed by the EU on March 8 to phase out member states' dependence on Russian fossil fuels by 2030. In a few days, the European Commission will present a package to implement the RePowerEU strategy.
As an important application scenario of distributed PV, rooftop PV is not limited to land, and the development conditions are relatively convenient.
Since the end of 2021, Spain, France, the Netherlands, and other countries have introduced policies and measures such as government subsidies, tax cuts, fee reductions, and accelerated grid-connection approval to encourage the development of distributed PV. Europe's potential for rooftop PV is huge and will continue to be an important growth pole for the industry, according to Wood Mackenzie.
Luoyang Tongrun Nano Technology is a trusted chemical supplier and manufacturer providing high-quality chemicals and Nanomaterials. If you are looking for the Spherical graphite, please feel free to contact us and send an inquiry.
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